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Condition

Nursing management of COPD

Effective COPD management plan includes four components: (1) assess and monitor disease; (2) reduce risk factors; (3) manage stable COPD; (4) manage exacerbations. The objectives of effective COPD management are to: Prevent disease progression Relieve symptoms Increase exercise tolerance Improving the health status Prevent and treat complications Preventing and treating exacerbations Reduce mortality These objectives should be achieved with minimal side effects from treatment, a

Hematometra

Hematometra, otherwise known as hemometra is a condition in which blood is collected and retained in the uterus, commonly the result of an imperforate hymen or transverse vaginal septum. The physical obstruction of menstrual blood from the uterus causes a significant back up of menstrual blood over time, which can cause the uterus to enlarge, putting pressure on other pelvic organs, similar to in the case of hematocolpos. For this reason, the condition tends to worsen to longer the patient prolongs seeking medical…

Double Uterus (Didelphys)

A double uterus, otherwise known as a uterus didelphys is a congenital uterine defect causing a bifurcation of the lumen of the uterus. It is considered a very rare condition, occurring in only 0.1-0.5% of women in the US, however, this is considered under representative as many women may remain asymptomatic, resulting in nondetection of the condition. Women with the condition may experience dysmenorrhea and dyspareunia3. The majority of cases remain asymptomatic with no obvious signs of abnormality, however, some women may…

Intussusception

An intussusception is a generally acute condition in which a section of the intestine folds into the section next to it. Cases will often involve the small intestine, however cases involving the large intestine do occur. Patients may present with abdominal pain, vomiting, abdominal bloating and blood in the stool. An Intussusception is not considered life threatening unless it has been allowed to develop, or otherwise remained untreated for some time. The mechanics of intussusception often result in occlusion…

Bezoar

A bezoar is persistent concretion of indigestible material trapped in the gastrointestinal system1. They can be composed of either organic or inorganic materials. It is important not to confuse a bezoar with a psudeobezoar, which is an indugestible object intentionally introduced into the digestive system3. This may be done for treatment reasons, or otherwise may be sself-inflictedby the patient. Bezoars of the esophagus are common in younger children. Esophageal bezoars are also reported in patients who are…

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